An Overview of Process Control

Process control is defined as both a statistic and an engineering discipline. It concerns the maintenance of a desired output given a desired range. Internet sites assert that process control is also called, or is related to control theory. In process control, different areas are considered, such as the mechanisms, algorithms, architectures, components, and other things, depending on what to maintain and how it is done. A site recommends that knowledge in Mathematics, especially the sub-branch of calculus, is also considered here, since calculus is the mathematics of change. Technology and automation can help in process control in such a way that manual process control is no longer needed due to the presence of the products of technology that can do the job for the people. Simple examples of process control systems include thermostats, especially those found in automation systems, and braking systems. A site asserts that a variety of solving techniques is necessary for process control.

Applying the different principles in calculus can help in determining what circumstances need to be achieved for a certain goal. This obviously depends on what type of process control is to be done. Say for example, a site made an example out of a robotics-related industry. Computations are being used to forecast the process control to be used on the robots, such as linear relationships, application of some physics concepts, etc. Mathematics here can also be used in a statistical way in terms of the quantity of produced goods for a certain period of time. Now, process control can be done through the insertion of computers and other gadgets of automation into the processes concerned. For example, a laptop inserted into a gadget can now monitor processes, production, defects, and so on. A site now endorses wireless process management which can monitor conditions and circumstances which cannot be controlled only by manual means. Wireless process management can reach as far as the areas of the business that are considered to be remote or far away.

NanoTouch The Transparent Touch Screen Microsoft Weblog

Will be submitted to Computer and Human Interaction Conference to be held in Boston in April of next year's prototype NanoTouch. The high-tech object is the son of the collaboration between Microsoft and the Institute of Potsdam Hasso Plattner. It is a device from the tiny screen of 2.4 inches, with a touchpad on the back of the same size. The user's finger to interact with the screen back in the front and you can have an unobstructed view of the encounter between fingertips and objects on the screen. When you touch the screen back is in fact the image behind the icons of a finger, was placed exactly where the real one and you have the feeling that the NanoTouch is transparent.

Tests have shown that this system appears to be more effective than the traditional one. Users can click on icons with a diagonal measurement of just 1.8 mm, while traditional systems must be at least twice the diagonal. The NanoTouch will be proposed as a solution to those problems encountered in use when interacting with the devices with Touchscreeen on the front screen as the iPhone, iPod Touch, BlackBerry Strom. The screens are in fact very small compared to the user's fingers and the screen is often almost completely covered by the fingers or hand it intends to press a few buttons, making the often inaccurate use of certain features. An example for all the company's almost impossible to type long texts with an iPhone. While we wait to see the object until the spring of next year, already has a video that shows the main features.

How to Transcode Panasonic HDC-TM700 AVCHD Video to ProRes 422 for Final Cut Pro

"I am working as an intern at a local station and have brokered a deal to produce a web show that a couple of my friends and I have been making into a half hour format TV series. I am going to be using two Panasonic HDC-TM700's shooting AVCHD and edit the .mts file on FCP. Since I'm delivering for broadcast I want to have the best quality I can, but there's no reason to over do it." Have you got the above similar issues? Below is the easiest way to help you convert and transcode AVCHD MTS recordings from Panasonic HDC-TM700 to Apple ProRes 422 for convenient editing in Final Cut Pro Studio via Foxreal Video Converter for Mac. It also supports transcoding and converting Nikon D300s . avi videos, Sony NX5U/EX-1 videos, Canon EOS 5D/7D/HFS100's AVCHD and other AVCHD HD videos to PreRes 422 format with ease.

The step-by-step guide on how to transcode AVCHD to ProRes 422 for Final Cut Pro with Foxreal Video Converter for Mac: Step 1: Run Foxreal Video Converter for Mac as the perfect AVCHD to ProRes 422 Converter, and click on to load your AVCHD footage from Panasonic HDC-TM700 camcorder into this program via USB. Step 2: Choose Apple ProRes 422 format for Final Cut Pro Studio. Click on "Format" drop-down list, you could see a variety of output profiles for different media devices or applications. Just select "Final Cut Pro

Eye Opening Datacenter Facts

Environmental degradation and global warming have forced governments to take some harsh decisions in order to contain greenhouse emissions. Through the stricter regulations and legislations, governments hope to drive home the importance of a green movement. For instance, the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 or Assembly Bill (AB) 32 passed by the California state government put forward a comprehensive program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from all sources throughout the state. With this law, the government hopes to reduce emissions to 2000 levels by 2010, 1990 levels by 2020, and to 80% below 1990 levels by 2050. Similar such laws were passed by different states within the United States forcing the IT outsourcing companies to join the green IT bandwagon. Hence, many have started planning for a green datacenter because two of the biggest issues faced by IT organizations are datacenter power and cooling. So what is a green datacenter? A green data center is a repository for the storage, management, and dissemination of data in which the mechanical, lighting, electrical and computer systems are designed for maximum energy efficiency and minimum environmental impact.

Datacenter virtualization, datacenter consolidation are some of the means for conserving energy. Green datacenters help companies and organizations to handle computing, network, and storage demands effectively that too at lower energy costs. The following are some facts that might serve as an eye-opener for those companies who are holding back because of the cost to implement a green datacenter. * Datacenters used an estimated 12 billion kilowatt hours of electrical power in the year 2000, expanding to 23 billion in 2005 (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) * Air conditioners, power converters and transmission use almost half of the electricity in the datacenter (IDC) * Datacenter energy is estimated to cost higher than equipment costs by 2015 (IDC) * According to Uptime Institute, 60% of the power used to cool equipment in the datacenter is completely wasted (SNIA) * Virtualization and effective power and cooling techniques and best practices can save $700/year/workload (SNIA) * In the storage area, following some best practices such as data consolidation, deduplication, thin provisioning and so on can provide savings upwards of $2250/year/TB of useable data (SNIA) * A one watt reduction in a server component results in a 2.84 cascaded wattage reduction in the datacenter ecosystem (SNIA) * Between 10% and 30% of servers in many datacenters are dead and could be turned off (SNIA)

The Capabilities Of Hdtv

It is a technology still in development, even if we talked about today. And it brings home a lot of fun. The high-definition format is known for its great resolution and capabilities. Almost every high-definition television now connect to the Internet so that people can simply use their TV on the CPU. The latest high-definition quality services are broadcast by digital signals. With the compression capability that this TV has, we have high-definition movies directly observed easily in our house. HDTV will be used to the TV system, which was actually built in 1930 originally to describe. Before the actual high-definition, the British had their high-definition television broadcast on November 1936. The Briton is the Baird 240 line for their high-definition TV service. But then they are with the Marconi-EMI 405 line systems for their service. Nations after nations have followed the British lead in the world of television. In the U.S., HDTV service to the people for the first time in the country in the 1990s are known by a group of television stations such as the Digital HDTV Grand Alliance introduced. For the first time they are testing the service over and over again until it was completed in 1994. Then the first public transmission of high definition TV service based to 1996. There are three known parameters, so that you recognize the HDTV broadcast systems, is the first frame size, then the frame rate, and the last is the unique scanning system.

The size of high definition television is correct as the number of vertical pixels on the image when compared to the number of horizontal pixels in the image definedExample of high-definition 1080x1920 pixels. The next parameter is the frame rate, it is the number of video frames, in a second. This improves the quality of the image and improves the reception of the signals. The last parameter of the high-definition technology is determined, their scanning system that could easily be identified by the interlaced scanning and progressive scanning. Everything has its own advantages and disadvantages. The HDTV technology also has its own. The advantages of this technology is its excellent sound quality, because they are equipped with Dolby sound technology. It really changes the way you look at the home theater.

You also see a clearer picture when using the HDTV technology. And because the frame rate of the HD format is larger than the standard frame rate, you will notice the difference in just the high-definition movies, and the standard films. There are also some other advantages on the HD technology is the first, you will receive a clear signal from the TV or player, because of the high-definition capabilities of the transmission of data in such a high speed. The other advantage is that you get the same experience in movies about the movie theater, because his use of the same aspect ratio as in the movie theater.

Green IT – Be Part of The Solution

The three core components of green IT are equipment, power and cooling: Mainly desktops, laptops, servers, storage and networking hardware and the data center facilities that house it all. seen IT is not just about "Saving the planet;" it may cut closer than you ever imagined to saving your company and your job. Going green goes straight to your bottom line. It forces us all to plan, build, think (!) more efficiently than we probably ever have in our careers, and if you ask us, that is a welcome thing. Committing to green IT going forward is doing something of real substance that helps your business as opposed to some of the questionable window-dressing called for by some environmental activists. Those negative aspectsof "the movement" are unfortunate because they drive conservatives and many business leaders crazy, and more importantly drive them away from the very solutions that could be the key to their business survival. A holistic approach to IT transformation can reduce the electrical use of data centers better than individual site improvements.

Data centers built or updated to reflect green IT have been empirically tested and verified as achieving nearly 80% infrastructure efficiency. Following Energy Star guidelines issued by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), computer manufacturers are now building highly-efficient, low-power-draw desktops and laptops. While most server chips today can execute four computation "threads" or as few as one, new multi-core processors using chip multiprocessor (CMP) technology are emerging that can simultaneously execute up to 32 threads-nearly doubling performance while using 30-50% less power. Those developments provide energy-efficient solutions for "thick" client manufacturing, but wholesale replacement of individual desktop PCs with thin client/server architecture can drastically reduce electrical power consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in ways that no thick-client efficiency campaign can achieve.

New LCD monitors are emerging that offer energy savings of 45% over the old models. Greet IT Spectrum - Companies with the greatest impact? Recent studies claim that IT users in India are among the most favorably disposed to preferring green IT alternatives if they appear to positive impact both the environment and their budgets- and to "Put their money where their mouths are" by paying a small premium to go green. From this fertile green IT ground, India-based HCL, one of the world's leading IT service providers, is also fast become a world leader when it comes to not just talking about green IT as some others are doing but actually deploying it for customers. The results of HCL's adherence to green IT best practices, reflected here and Exhibit G-2 below, speak for themselves:

Think Before You Hire an Android Developer

Traits of a good Android App Developer Today there are over 480 million Android devices that run actively worldwide. According to what the estimates say, they are said to dominate the iPhone by 2014. With such great success, more and more businesses and brands are aiming at hiring individuals for having an easy access to a big segment of the mobile users. There are few important qualities that you should look for while choosing Android developers: Android has become the most obvious choice when it comes to choosing an operating system. If you choose to hire app developer you can get access to almost all the spectacular programs that are being offered by the Android devices. Reaching Great Heights of Success The smart phones and the Androids are growing in the direction of becoming the highest in the league. This was monitored back in 2012 by around three hundred united nations' monitoring. It is an operating system that runs on Linux, and has taken over the smart phone market ever since its inception in 2007.

December 2011 saw the download of over 10 billion programs, which has made the applications grow all over the planet. This has boosted the demand of more apps, and thus more people are opting to hire Android application developers. Today the markets are flooded with the Android apps, as they are becoming more popular and the businesses are using this to stay in connection with their target audience. Once you get app developers for hire, who have immense experience in programming and who can develop a range of applications, you can enjoy the benefits of an Android device. It is a Google product which overcomes the two main limitations of the mobile apps that are lack of graphics and limited data storage. The Android developers can help you make the best use of such features and functionalities. The developers cover a broad range of sectors from the students and the individuals, and offer solutions that are helping the companies in their development.

The mobile applications have brought in revolutionary changes in the way people used to lead their lives, the reason why everyone from the individuals to the multinational companies is going for the Android devices. The Android development services include customized application development for Android, gaming application development for Android, development of Android multimedia application, enterprise application development for Androids, application maintenance and upgrade for Androids and the Android application testing among many. When you hire Android programmer or developers, you can get highly professional with the advanced services and shape up your business. You can hire them on full time basis, part time basis, or on hourly basis.

Driver Update Tips – Is it Time to Update Your Drivers

Before discussing when and how you can update your drivers, you must first know what a driver is. A driver is a software that bridges the communication between the computer and the hardware installed. Printers, keyboards, mice, and other hardware come in different forms and configurations and from different manufacturers. You can't expect every computer to be programmed to recognize the language of all the different hardware in the world. That's why you have to install a driver into your computer because basically, its job is to translate computer commands (ex. Print document) to a language that the hardware (ex. Printer) can understand. When you purchase a desktop computer, the distributor may have installed some drivers already and just give you the installation CD just in case you need it in the future.

However, laptop computers already have built-in hardware with their drivers readily installed. The problem is that if the computer needs to be reformatted, you have to look for the drivers of each hardware installed for you to be able to use your laptop again. Now that you already have a clear grasp of what a driver is, the next thing you have to know is when you should update your drivers. As time pass, computers and their parts are constantly evolving and upgrading. With this, more problems arise as the driver goes out-dated and to some point, obsolete. However, this is not a strong reason to have a driver update. This matter needs a lot of thinking and researching in order for you to make a sound decision that you will not regret in the future. Here are a few reasons you may want to consider when you update your drivers. 1. You can choose to update your driver when your computer notifies you that there are available updates (ex. Windows Updates).

However, you have to think about it carefully because sometimes, updates being released are still in the testing phase. Make sure you educate yourself first on the reviews of each update so that you'll know if you need it or not. 2. If you need a new feature in your computer, your old driver may not be able to support that; that's why you may need an update. For example, your media player doesn't support a certain file type, you may have to update your media player or your sound/video card until it recognizes and plays more file types. 3. As your driver slowly becomes out-of-date, some problems may eventually arise like slower responses or poor graphics. In these cases, updating your driver may be your first step in troubleshooting the problem. These are just a few thoughts on when you may need to update your driver. Just always remember to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of this decision so that (again) you will not have any regrets in the future.

Basic Information About Desktop CNC Engraver

In the contemporary world, most people probably do not even know the term engraving machine before. And little do they know that these CNC machines has changed their life in different fields. If your work has something to do with street fine arts business or manufacturing, it is likely that you have heard the term and quite familiar with CNC machines at some point. CNC machines has been widely used in manufacturing industry and small street business in today's world. Believe it or not, it has changed our life in one way or another. Machines and computers have taken the place of handwork gradually during the last decades.

Computer Numerical Control or CNC is the new technology helping to improve efficiency and accuracy in the same time, and that is also the reason why CNC machines are so welcomed. Traditional routers such as millers, shaping machines or routers were only confined to professional workers and nowadays they has been replaced by CNC tools. These machines can be work for 24 hours a day and offers a great work safety and high productivity in the mean time. It is relatively easy to operate once you are familiar with computer controls and keep efficiency and productivity at the same time.

CNC machines usually consists of two parts, the engraver and the computer control software. These software use special CNC codes controlled computer programs to instruct the engraver to work with high accuracy and efficiency. These codes are usually generated by a computer program called Auto CAD and its main task is to guarantee the machine performance is of high quality and efficiency. A well designed code can be carried out for thousands of times without any problems, so it is of great value and high efficiency. CNC machines have a variety of applications in business and manufacturing. Often we are asked about engraving machine, words come to our mind usually are large heavy machines in factories. However in today society, engraving machines are available for individual small business. Desktop CNC engraver is a new kind of engraving machine, much smaller and cheaper than traditional machines. Of course, this type engraver are mainly used for small soft material such as aluminum, plastic board, bronze or wood etc. With professional computer control system and high quality engraving machine body, desktop CNC engraver are your ideal tool for street fine arts business and raw material process business.

Check How Mcclatchy Interactive Employs Open Source Search

Highlights Staying competitive is the name of the newspaper game The third-largest newspaper publisher in the U.S., McClatchy Company owns 30 daily newspapers in 29 markets across the country. This includes the Sacramento Bee, its first paper and one of the oldest in the West, the Miami Herald, The News and Observer, and others. The unforgiving economic climate has hit the industry hard, accompanied as it is with fundamental shifts in reader and advertiser behaviors. As a market leader, McClatchy is vitally focused on their online business model. McClatchy Interactive has more experience than most they launched one of the first electronic news sites on the Web, The Nando Times, in the Spring of 1994. Today, McClatchy's mission is to establish its local papers as the leading source of online news within their respective markets, with compelling local information online, along with comprehensive news, advertising, e-commerce and other services.

Helping online readers find the relevant information they want is a cornerstone of their online initiative. Open source technologies contribute directly to McClatchy's business model by minimizing the both capital and operational costs without compromise in customer experience. McClatchy Interactive chose the leading open source search solution, Solr, to search classified ads across all online properties. Solr has already helped McClatchy Interactive properties reduce costs dramatically, while improving on the same high quality of service to its online readers. "Solr has done wonders for us. It is easy to understand and deploy, and reduced our costs drastically," according to Doug Steigerwald, software developer at McClatchy Interactive. Making the leap from proprietary system to open source search The company's legacy search system was built on a proprietary, pre-packaged ="_blank"> enterprise search software solution that was increasingly expensive to maintain and modify while addressing new business requirements. In 2007, the company decided to bring in-house its Web site search functionality, and build a search service that could handle classified ads across all McClatchy properties.

Primary responsibility for development fell to Doug, although he had some part-time assistance from another member of the software development group. There were two requirements. The first was that the new search system had to have the same features and capabilities as the existing search product. Second, the solution had to be seamless, transparent to support personnel and the McClatchy newspapers. "It had to be absolutely no work for anybody other than development," said Doug. "And it had perform the same or better as what we already had." Why Solr was chosen Solr is the leading open source search solution, and features high performance and comprehensive capabilities. These include faceting the ability to drill down on characteristics of the desired result. For example, when looking for a used car, a reader may want to limit search results by price range or model type, and then drill down to find only those cars that are nearby. Any search solution would need to enforce McClatchy's search policy requirements. Stories which can be searchable or non-searchable appear in many places across McClatchy Interactive properties. A searchable story must remain so, even if it appears in a non-searchable section. The converse is also true, controlling which results are excluded from a search. Before a final decision was made, extensive comparisons of Solr and the existing search package were undertaken, in which Solr delivered better, more relevant results. The developers also checked to make sure that Solr's search processes stored data in the same way as the legacy system, so no problems would arise with other related applications after the new solution was rolled out to production.

McClatchy's Solr implementation was able to replace the legacy software without changing any significant back end functionality. Doug says, "After researching it, we felt Solr could do everything we'd done with our existing proprietary system." Real, fast results The project began in September 2007 and was in production by April 2008. With experience in open source development, the developers began evaluating and building a search system using Solr. Basic development, including the training classes for the two developers, was completed in January 2008. Once the pilot implementation was up and running, efforts moved to improving speed and accuracy. Two months of QA ensured everything would work as intended. In order to meet their targets for both performance and relevance, McClatchy engaged Lucid Imagination consulting services to help them get the most out of their implementation as soon as possible. The team put together a presentation about what McClatchy was doing and asked for an expert opinion on how the system could do better in terms of performance. Lucid worked with McClatchy to carry out extensive analysis of logs and production for all sites, to profile the volume, diversity, and frequency of data being indexed. For McClatchy, Lucid's recommendations focused largely on configuration and schema for example, what field options could be closed or disregarded to increase indexing and query response time. Doug says, "Lucid Consulting was definitely worth it. They helped things move along more quickly by pointing out ways to better tune Solr, based on our usage. We could have spent a couple of weeks benchmarking and refining our implementation, but Lucid Consulting was able to optimize our specific search environment in a day or two." McClatchy Interactive today The Solr implementation achieved impressive cost savings and performance. Because there are no licensing costs associated with Solr, McClatchy enjoyed significant savings by eliminating the licensing fees associated with the previous packaged software application they had purchased. In addition, one of the most impressive benefits of this Solr implementation was the dramatic reduction in hardware requirements. The old search required 24 production servers, while McClatchy's Solr search service runs on just three of the existing servers. The remaining 21 servers have been freed up for other uses. "We really reduced the number of servers we needed," states Doug. "We may add one or two more in the future to handle extra traffic and roll out some new services." All 30 McClatchy dailies are running on the new system, and the combined number of classified and news searches reach 700,000 per day primarily from classified queries.

Every ad category and classification is stored within a Solr index. Solr also hooks into the company's content management system, which serves all its newspapers, to index other searchable data such as stories, movie show times, and so on. In addition, the entire front page of online properties is powered by Solr, including news search, movie search, and more. Partly because it was so easy to implement, Doug recommends Solr to other developers who are just beginning to explore open source. "Solr is free and has a huge, active user base, which is very helpful," says Doug. "It was a different experience than the proprietary software we were using. We found it was easier to get support by going open source. The Solr community provides support through the developer e-mail list, where you can find out how others have already solved problems you might have." McClatchy Interactive is evaluating Solr to take advantage of other capabilities. For example, Doug is evaluating Solr's More Like This functionality, to help readers find related stories and increase site stickiness. And as Doug points out, there's no extra charge for this functionality.