What Internet Protocol Is

If you are wondering about what an Internet Protocol is then here are some details which you may want to know of. Knowing what the different Internet Protocols are will help you in a lot of cases especially when your line of work deals with different types of Internet Protocols. Basically, an internet protocol is a set of rules by which data travels over a computer network on the internet. Another thing that you should remember when it comes to Internet Protocols is the IP address. IP addresses serve as identifiers of a computer on a given network. In today's time, there are two versions of IP addresses and they are IPv4 and IPv6. IPv4 is a decimal type of IP address while IPv6 is a hexadecimal type of IP address. The IPv4 type of IP address basically contains two parts; the network and the host portion. Depending on the class of the IP address used, the numbers of octet allotted for the network and hosts portions varies.

The reason on why IPv6 is developed is the shortage of IPv6 since there are only limited numbers of IP addresses in IPv4 that are available in today's time. But with IPv6, this type of problem is solved since there will be more IP addresses that will be available. Basically, the data that is being sent over the internet is divided into parts known as the packets. Now, depending on the internet protocol used, each packet may take different routes if necessary. What matters most is that the sender and the recipient will be able to send and receive the data successfully respectively. IP is known to be a connectionless protocol since it does not require both ends to be continuously connected to each other in order to send and receive data.

An Overview of Process Control

Process control is defined as both a statistic and an engineering discipline. It concerns the maintenance of a desired output given a desired range. Internet sites assert that process control is also called, or is related to control theory. In process control, different areas are considered, such as the mechanisms, algorithms, architectures, components, and other things, depending on what to maintain and how it is done. A site recommends that knowledge in Mathematics, especially the sub-branch of calculus, is also considered here, since calculus is the mathematics of change. Technology and automation can help in process control in such a way that manual process control is no longer needed due to the presence of the products of technology that can do the job for the people. Simple examples of process control systems include thermostats, especially those found in automation systems, and braking systems. A site asserts that a variety of solving techniques is necessary for process control.

Applying the different principles in calculus can help in determining what circumstances need to be achieved for a certain goal. This obviously depends on what type of process control is to be done. Say for example, a site made an example out of a robotics-related industry. Computations are being used to forecast the process control to be used on the robots, such as linear relationships, application of some physics concepts, etc. Mathematics here can also be used in a statistical way in terms of the quantity of produced goods for a certain period of time. Now, process control can be done through the insertion of computers and other gadgets of automation into the processes concerned. For example, a laptop inserted into a gadget can now monitor processes, production, defects, and so on. A site now endorses wireless process management which can monitor conditions and circumstances which cannot be controlled only by manual means. Wireless process management can reach as far as the areas of the business that are considered to be remote or far away.

How to Transcode Panasonic HDC-TM700 AVCHD Video to ProRes 422 for Final Cut Pro

"I am working as an intern at a local station and have brokered a deal to produce a web show that a couple of my friends and I have been making into a half hour format TV series. I am going to be using two Panasonic HDC-TM700's shooting AVCHD and edit the .mts file on FCP. Since I'm delivering for broadcast I want to have the best quality I can, but there's no reason to over do it." Have you got the above similar issues? Below is the easiest way to help you convert and transcode AVCHD MTS recordings from Panasonic HDC-TM700 to Apple ProRes 422 for convenient editing in Final Cut Pro Studio via Foxreal Video Converter for Mac. It also supports transcoding and converting Nikon D300s . avi videos, Sony NX5U/EX-1 videos, Canon EOS 5D/7D/HFS100's AVCHD and other AVCHD HD videos to PreRes 422 format with ease.

The step-by-step guide on how to transcode AVCHD to ProRes 422 for Final Cut Pro with Foxreal Video Converter for Mac: Step 1: Run Foxreal Video Converter for Mac as the perfect AVCHD to ProRes 422 Converter, and click on to load your AVCHD footage from Panasonic HDC-TM700 camcorder into this program via USB. Step 2: Choose Apple ProRes 422 format for Final Cut Pro Studio. Click on "Format" drop-down list, you could see a variety of output profiles for different media devices or applications. Just select "Final Cut Pro

Driver Update Tips – Is it Time to Update Your Drivers

Before discussing when and how you can update your drivers, you must first know what a driver is. A driver is a software that bridges the communication between the computer and the hardware installed. Printers, keyboards, mice, and other hardware come in different forms and configurations and from different manufacturers. You can't expect every computer to be programmed to recognize the language of all the different hardware in the world. That's why you have to install a driver into your computer because basically, its job is to translate computer commands (ex. Print document) to a language that the hardware (ex. Printer) can understand. When you purchase a desktop computer, the distributor may have installed some drivers already and just give you the installation CD just in case you need it in the future.

However, laptop computers already have built-in hardware with their drivers readily installed. The problem is that if the computer needs to be reformatted, you have to look for the drivers of each hardware installed for you to be able to use your laptop again. Now that you already have a clear grasp of what a driver is, the next thing you have to know is when you should update your drivers. As time pass, computers and their parts are constantly evolving and upgrading. With this, more problems arise as the driver goes out-dated and to some point, obsolete. However, this is not a strong reason to have a driver update. This matter needs a lot of thinking and researching in order for you to make a sound decision that you will not regret in the future. Here are a few reasons you may want to consider when you update your drivers. 1. You can choose to update your driver when your computer notifies you that there are available updates (ex. Windows Updates).

However, you have to think about it carefully because sometimes, updates being released are still in the testing phase. Make sure you educate yourself first on the reviews of each update so that you'll know if you need it or not. 2. If you need a new feature in your computer, your old driver may not be able to support that; that's why you may need an update. For example, your media player doesn't support a certain file type, you may have to update your media player or your sound/video card until it recognizes and plays more file types. 3. As your driver slowly becomes out-of-date, some problems may eventually arise like slower responses or poor graphics. In these cases, updating your driver may be your first step in troubleshooting the problem. These are just a few thoughts on when you may need to update your driver. Just always remember to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of this decision so that (again) you will not have any regrets in the future.

Check How Mcclatchy Interactive Employs Open Source Search

Highlights Staying competitive is the name of the newspaper game The third-largest newspaper publisher in the U.S., McClatchy Company owns 30 daily newspapers in 29 markets across the country. This includes the Sacramento Bee, its first paper and one of the oldest in the West, the Miami Herald, The News and Observer, and others. The unforgiving economic climate has hit the industry hard, accompanied as it is with fundamental shifts in reader and advertiser behaviors. As a market leader, McClatchy is vitally focused on their online business model. McClatchy Interactive has more experience than most they launched one of the first electronic news sites on the Web, The Nando Times, in the Spring of 1994. Today, McClatchy's mission is to establish its local papers as the leading source of online news within their respective markets, with compelling local information online, along with comprehensive news, advertising, e-commerce and other services.

Helping online readers find the relevant information they want is a cornerstone of their online initiative. Open source technologies contribute directly to McClatchy's business model by minimizing the both capital and operational costs without compromise in customer experience. McClatchy Interactive chose the leading open source search solution, Solr, to search classified ads across all online properties. Solr has already helped McClatchy Interactive properties reduce costs dramatically, while improving on the same high quality of service to its online readers. "Solr has done wonders for us. It is easy to understand and deploy, and reduced our costs drastically," according to Doug Steigerwald, software developer at McClatchy Interactive. Making the leap from proprietary system to open source search The company's legacy search system was built on a proprietary, pre-packaged ="_blank"> enterprise search software solution that was increasingly expensive to maintain and modify while addressing new business requirements. In 2007, the company decided to bring in-house its Web site search functionality, and build a search service that could handle classified ads across all McClatchy properties.

Primary responsibility for development fell to Doug, although he had some part-time assistance from another member of the software development group. There were two requirements. The first was that the new search system had to have the same features and capabilities as the existing search product. Second, the solution had to be seamless, transparent to support personnel and the McClatchy newspapers. "It had to be absolutely no work for anybody other than development," said Doug. "And it had perform the same or better as what we already had." Why Solr was chosen Solr is the leading open source search solution, and features high performance and comprehensive capabilities. These include faceting the ability to drill down on characteristics of the desired result. For example, when looking for a used car, a reader may want to limit search results by price range or model type, and then drill down to find only those cars that are nearby. Any search solution would need to enforce McClatchy's search policy requirements. Stories which can be searchable or non-searchable appear in many places across McClatchy Interactive properties. A searchable story must remain so, even if it appears in a non-searchable section. The converse is also true, controlling which results are excluded from a search. Before a final decision was made, extensive comparisons of Solr and the existing search package were undertaken, in which Solr delivered better, more relevant results. The developers also checked to make sure that Solr's search processes stored data in the same way as the legacy system, so no problems would arise with other related applications after the new solution was rolled out to production.

McClatchy's Solr implementation was able to replace the legacy software without changing any significant back end functionality. Doug says, "After researching it, we felt Solr could do everything we'd done with our existing proprietary system." Real, fast results The project began in September 2007 and was in production by April 2008. With experience in open source development, the developers began evaluating and building a search system using Solr. Basic development, including the training classes for the two developers, was completed in January 2008. Once the pilot implementation was up and running, efforts moved to improving speed and accuracy. Two months of QA ensured everything would work as intended. In order to meet their targets for both performance and relevance, McClatchy engaged Lucid Imagination consulting services to help them get the most out of their implementation as soon as possible. The team put together a presentation about what McClatchy was doing and asked for an expert opinion on how the system could do better in terms of performance. Lucid worked with McClatchy to carry out extensive analysis of logs and production for all sites, to profile the volume, diversity, and frequency of data being indexed. For McClatchy, Lucid's recommendations focused largely on configuration and schema for example, what field options could be closed or disregarded to increase indexing and query response time. Doug says, "Lucid Consulting was definitely worth it. They helped things move along more quickly by pointing out ways to better tune Solr, based on our usage. We could have spent a couple of weeks benchmarking and refining our implementation, but Lucid Consulting was able to optimize our specific search environment in a day or two." McClatchy Interactive today The Solr implementation achieved impressive cost savings and performance. Because there are no licensing costs associated with Solr, McClatchy enjoyed significant savings by eliminating the licensing fees associated with the previous packaged software application they had purchased. In addition, one of the most impressive benefits of this Solr implementation was the dramatic reduction in hardware requirements. The old search required 24 production servers, while McClatchy's Solr search service runs on just three of the existing servers. The remaining 21 servers have been freed up for other uses. "We really reduced the number of servers we needed," states Doug. "We may add one or two more in the future to handle extra traffic and roll out some new services." All 30 McClatchy dailies are running on the new system, and the combined number of classified and news searches reach 700,000 per day primarily from classified queries.

Every ad category and classification is stored within a Solr index. Solr also hooks into the company's content management system, which serves all its newspapers, to index other searchable data such as stories, movie show times, and so on. In addition, the entire front page of online properties is powered by Solr, including news search, movie search, and more. Partly because it was so easy to implement, Doug recommends Solr to other developers who are just beginning to explore open source. "Solr is free and has a huge, active user base, which is very helpful," says Doug. "It was a different experience than the proprietary software we were using. We found it was easier to get support by going open source. The Solr community provides support through the developer e-mail list, where you can find out how others have already solved problems you might have." McClatchy Interactive is evaluating Solr to take advantage of other capabilities. For example, Doug is evaluating Solr's More Like This functionality, to help readers find related stories and increase site stickiness. And as Doug points out, there's no extra charge for this functionality.